PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1586 KNOWN AS THE PHILIPPINE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT SYSTEM
P.D. 1586, otherwise known as the Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System requires proponent of Environmentally Critical Projects (ECPs) and projects located within Environmentally Critical Areas (ECAs) to obtain an Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) prior to the commencement of the project. Meanwhile, those projects, which are not considered as ECP nor located within an ECA and are unlikely to cause adverse environmental impacts, are outside the purview of the EIS System. These projects are issued with Certificate of Non-Coverage (CNC) upon request of the proponent.
Pursuant to Administrative Order 42, the DENR issued DAO 2003-30 as implementing rules and regulations for the EIS System. DAO 2003-30 took effect on August 4, 2003.
DAO 2003-30 clarified the coverage of the EIS System. It provides two criteria to be considered in determining the scope of the EIS System, namely;
The nature of the project and its potential to cause significant negative environmental impacts; and the sensitivity or vulnerability of environmental resources in the project area.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 6969 KNOWN AS TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND HAZARDOUS AND NUCLEAR WASTE CONTROL ACT OF 1990
Republic Act 6969 provides the legal framework for the country’s program to control and manage the importation, manufacture, processing, distribution, use, transport treatment and disposal of toxic substance and hazardous and nuclear wastes.
The DENR issued DAO 1992-29 as the implementing rules and regulations of R. A. 6969. On August 31, 2004, the DENR amended DAO 1992-29 to further the implementation of R.A 6969. A procedural manual was published prescribing the procedures for the proper handling of hazardous waste as mandated under DAO 2004-36, known as revising DENR Administrative Order No. 29 series of 1992, to further strengthen the implementation of R.A 6969 (Toxic Substance and Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Control Act of 1990) and prescribing the use of the procedural manual.
The Objectives of this Act are:
· To monitor and regulate the importation, manufacture, processing, handling, storage, transportation, sale, distribution, use and disposal of chemicals substances and mixtures that present unreasonable risk or injury to health or to the environment in accordance with national policies and international commitments;
· To inform and educate the populace regarding the hazards and risks attendant to the manufacture, handling, storage, transportation, processing, distribution, use and disposal of toxic chemicals and other substance and mixtures; and
· To prevent the entry, even in transit, as well as the keeping or storage and disposal of hazardous and nuclear wastes into the country for whatever purpose.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8749, OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE PHILIPPINE CLEAN AIR ACT OF 1999
On June 23, 1999, the Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999 or R.A 8749 was signed into law and took effect on July 19, 1999.Under the Clean Air Act, the DENR-EMB is mandated to:
Formulate a national program on how to prevent, manage, control and reverse air pollution using regulatory and market based instruments, and
Set-up a mechanism for the proper identification and identification of victims of any damage or injury resulting from the adverse environmental impact of any project activity or undertaking. The implementation, rules and regulation of the Clean Air Act (DAO 2000-18) took effect on November 25, 2000.
Presidential Decree No. 984, providing for the revision of Republic Act No. 3981, commonly known as the “ National Pollution Control Decree of 1976”, and by the virtue of Executive Order 192, Series of 1987, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources hereby adopts and promulgates the following rules and regulations.
The revision of said decree is to modify the organizational structure of the National Pollution Control Commission to make it more effective and efficient in the discharge of its functions and responsive to the demands of the times occasioned by the accelerative phase of the country’s industrialization program.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9003, KNOWN AS ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000
Republic Act No. 9003 is otherwise known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 and DAO 2001-34, its implementing rules, was signed into law on January 26, 2001.
The Solid Waste Act calls for the institutionalization of a national program to manage the transfer, transport, processing and disposal of solid waste in the country.
Under the Solid Waste Act, the DENR sets guidelines and target to reduce the volume of Solid Waste through various waste reduction measures. These measures include the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste, as well as composting, recycling and re-using of solid waste. In coordination with local government units (LGU’s), self-regulating waste generators and other private sector groups, the DENR was designated to be the primary enforcer of the Solid Waste Act.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9275 KNOWN AS THE PHILIPPINE CLEAN WATER ACT OF 2004
RA 9275 was signed into law on March 24, 2004. It aims to protect the country’s water bodies from pollution from land-based sources (industries and commercial establishments, agriculture and community/household activities). It primarily provides for a comprehensive and integrated strategy to prevent and minimize pollution through a multi-sectoral and participatory approach involving all the stakeholders.
The DENR is the primary government agency responsible for the implementation and enforcement of this Act, with the support of other government organizations, local government units, non -government organizations and the private sector.
Specifically, DENR thru its Environmental Management Bureau will review and set affluent standards, review and enforce water quality guidelines, classify groundwater sources and prepare a national groundwater vulnerability map, classify or reclassify water bodies, establish internationally accepted procedures for sampling and analysis, prepare an integrated water quality management framework and subsequently prepare 10-year management plans for each water management area.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9512 KNOWN AS THE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS & EDUCATION ACT OF 2008
Consistent with the policy of the State to protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature, and in recognition of the vital role of the youth in nation building and the role of education to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development, the state shall promote national awareness on the role of natural resources in economic growth and the importance of environmental conservation and ecological balance towards sustained national development.